Photos: Dr. Petra Rodiga-Laßnig (Fotocredits BIK / Arnold Pöschl)
According to statistics released by the telecoms regulatory authority, Rundfunk und Telekom Regulierungs-GmbH, a phenomenal 7,162 petabytes was consumed in 2020. Almost two thirds of this data volume was consumed using Internet delivered through landlines, says the RTR.
Companies that operate in competitive international markets are well aware of the need to be “always online, always connected”. However, this requires a failsafe, digital infrastructure - something that is also essential for modern businesses that rely on work-from-home solutions and flexible hours to attract skilled workers in less densely-populated areas.
QUESTION: What is Carinthia doing in terms of measures and investments to accelerate broadband expansion?
PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG: BIK Breitbandinitiative Kärnten is expanding the fibre optic-based broadband network in Carinthia. Making optimum use of EU and national funding plays a key role here, as does cooperation with private-sector investors – especially where broadband expansion in rural areas is concerned. A project with an investment volume of EUR 40 million euros is currently being implemented in the Görtschitztal region which will provide 13,000 households and businesses with access to a fibre optic network. We – the BIK – build the infrastructure in those areas that are eligible for public funding and the private-sector investors take care of it in those areas which are not. The active network is operated on the basis of the so-called 3 Layer Model by a professional operator who offers end customers an attractive product portfolio of telephony, Internet, and streaming services etc. designed to meet the needs of the specific target groups.
We – the BIK – build the infrastructure in those areas that are eligible for public funding and the private-sector investors take care of it in those areas which are not. (PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG)
Almost two thirds of the data volume consumed in 2020 was transferred via landline Internet, approximately one third by mobile networks.
QUESTION: What role does fibre play in meeting the immense demand for affordable, secure and above all high-quality telecommunications services and infrastructure? What specific advantages does this technology offer Internet users?
PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG: Fibre optic-based broadband provides secure, stable and fast Internet connections. The Corona crisis sparked an unbelievable surge in digitalisation, albeit unintentionally in this intensity. Working from home, home schooling, distance-learning, and video-conferencing have become normalised and will remain so after the crisis. In this situation, it is self-evident that every household needs access to high-speed Internet (symmetrical gigabit-ready Internet connections).
QUESTION: Which regions of Carinthia are already connected to fibre optic networks and what speeds are now available to businesses, entrepreneurs, start-ups and students as a result?
PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG: Users can check the availability of fibre optic-based, super-fast Internet on the government’s broadband atlas. This provides information on the various providers and details of the upload and download speeds in Mbit/s.
QUESTION: Which regions will be connected next?
PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG: BIK Breitbandinitiative Kärnten GmbH will begin fibre optic investment projects in the Gailtal and Lavamünd districts this year, building a fibre optic broadband infrastructure in a supply-oriented approach in partnership with a private-sector investor.
In addition to these major-scale projects, BIK regularly participates in communal civil engineering projects (e.g., the construction or renewal of sewer systems, construction of cycle paths, road rehabilitation) to install empty conduits or fibre optic cables to utilise synergies in civil engineering, as excavation is one of the biggest cost factors. (PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG)
QUESTION: Approximately one gigabyte is needed for an hour of streaming – a trend that is also unlikely to be reversed in the residential segment. What is needed to ensure that the infrastructure is secure and suitable for meeting the requirements of companies, government and consumers in the best way possible?
PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG: CTO Stephen King from the Deutsche Commercial Internet Exchange DE-CIX, says that latency is the new currency. Latency is the time it takes for a data packet to travel from one end device in a network to a server in the Internet and then back to the device. When we shift our activities - in both our business and personal lives - from the analogue world to the digital world, short response times, i.e., low latency, is essential.
The current physical limit for data transfer is the speed of light. This means that building fibre optic-based digital infrastructure is an investment in the future. Investment projects like the one currently being carried out in the Görtschitztal region, create the conditions that make peripheral regions more attractive for young people so that companies are no longer forced to relocate to the central region.
Why not live in Hüttenberg and study at the TU Wien? Why not live in Brückl and work for a research organisation in Vienna? Why not live in Klein St. Paul, found a start-up and take the world by storm with a digital business idea? (PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG)
QUESTION: Finally, how would you complete the following sentence: “If we want to remain at the forefront of global competition, we not only need the best technology, but we also need people who ...
PETRA RODIGA-LASSNIG: ... who want to actively shape Carinthia as a technology and business location. Carinthia has to become more attractive for young people - and by that I am not just referring to those wishing to return - they are the future.
Natascha Batic: Thank you very much for the interview!
ABOUT: BIK Breitbandinitiative Kärnten GmbH acts as a hub for broadband in Carinthia, both internally and externally, and as a contact point for municipalities, companies, institutions, advocacy groups, stakeholders and authorities. As a provider of fibre optic-based digital infrastructure in the peripheral regions of Carinthia, it also plays an important role in strategic location development.
Petra Rodiga-Laßnig was born in Klagenfurt in 1970. After studying technical mathematics at the Graz University of Technology she became a research assistant at the research institute JOANNEUM RESEARCH mbH. In 2002 she took up a position as a senior researcher at the Institut für Höherer Studien Kärnten. In 2006 she obtained her doctorate in technical sciences from the University of Klagenfurt. From 2013 onwards she held a variety of functions in publicly-funded organisations of the Province of Carinthia working in the field of project and location development. She is also a lecturer at the FH Joanneum (2014) and Carinthia University of Applied Sciences (since 2015).